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Publication du membre du CRISE

Gratton Francine
Professeur
Facult des Sciences Infirmires - Universit de Montral

Gratton,F. (2001). Sociology of suicide. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. (pp. 15273-15278). New York: Elsevier.

The first part of the article discusses Durkheim's book Le Suicide, with some criticisms directed against that original work. The second part shows the great influence exerted by Durkheim on several sociologists who sought to extend or clarify his conceptual analysis and empirical results. The third and the fourth parts focus on the evolution of the sociology of suicide. From a merely social explanation of suicide, studies go on to incorporate also the psychosocial and the psychological approaches, both in their affective and cognitive dimensions, and also the biological perspective. The fifth part underlines the increasing differentiation taking place in the study of suicidal behaviors. Various forms of completed suicides are analyzed: suicides by imitation, suicides according to sex, ethnic origin, and age group. Noncompleted suicides are also under investigation. The sixth part deals with the methods used in the sociology of suicide. The qualitative studies, with life stories or histories, suicide notes, are stressed upon as a complement to the purely quantitative studies with their use of statistics. Finally, the conclusion states that research on suicide has become universal and represents a multidisciplinary field of study called suicidology.

Cote : GG 038.1

Mise à jour : 8/26/2004

 
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