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Publication du membre du CRISE

Breton, J.-J., Labelle, Ral, Berthiaume, C., Royer, C., St-Georges, M., Ricard, D., Abadie, P., Grardin, P., Cohen, D., & Guil, J.-M. (2015). Protective factors against depression and suicidal behaviour in adolescence. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry = Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 60(2 Suppl 1), S5-S15.

Rsum: Objectives: To examine whether protective factors in the Protection for AdoIescent Depression Study (PADS) moderate the impact of stressfuI events on depression and suicidaI behaviour in the community and a cIinicaI setting; and to study the infIuence of sex. Method: Participants were 283 adolescents from the community and 119 from a mood disorder clinic in Montreal. The participants were evaluated on 6 instruments measuring individual risk and protective factors. Descriptive analyses and univariate and multiple logistic regression models were carried out. Results: Risk factors predicted higher levels of depression and presence of suicidal behaviour, and protective factors predicted lower levels of depression and absence of suicidal behaviour, as expected under the vulnerability-resilience stress model. Several sex differences were observed in terms of the predictive power of risk factors (for example, hopelessness among girls and keep to themselves among boys) and protective factors (for example, focusing on the positive among girls and self-discovery among boys). Conclusions: Findings from the PADS suggest that protective factors moderate the impact of stress on depression and suicidal behaviour. Developing protection appears important in the presence of chronic conditions, such as depressive disorders, to reduce the likelihood of further episodes. The influence of sex makes it all the more relevant to target different factors for boys and girls to increase protection and decrease risk in prevention and intervention programs.

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Mise à jour : 4/9/2015

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